Конспект урока по теме: «Социальное обеспечение»
Цель: обобщение лексико-грамматического материала по теме «Социальное обеспечение»
познавательные — знакомство с социальной сферой общественной жизни Великобритании и США, осмысление общественной жизни в РФ;
развивающие — развитие способности к распределению внимания, к антиципации, к догадке на основе словообразования, контекста, к сравнению и сопоставлению речевых единиц, развитие способности осуществлять репродуктивные и продуктивные речевые действия;
воспитательные — формирование потребности к критическому осмыслению фактов культуры стран изучаемого языка и различных мнений на социальные и гуманитарные проблемы, формирование критического отношения к фактам культуры стран изучаемого языка;
учебные— формирование лексических и грамматических навыков говорения;
сопутствующие задачи: развитие умения читать с целью детального понимания содержания и извлечения конкретной информации, развитие умения предвосхищать содержание, развитие умения интерпретировать графики.
грамматический — субстантивированные прилагательные The + Adjective (the widowed), (для повторения) союзы и предлоги while/ whereas/ although/ though/ despite/ inspiteof
1. Объявление темы урока.
На доске цитата: "О государстве судят по тому, как оно относится к своим старикам" "The state is judged as it treats its elders"
Today we are going to speak about the elderly in the welfare states and in our country. We compare their position in GB, the USA and in the RF.
Let's read this statement. Would you translate it, please?
So, our task is to determine social status and financial position of the elderly in Russia and conclude the way how to help them.
2. Фонетическая зарядка.
Translate there English proverbs and sayings.
1) Deeds, not words.
2) He that never climbed, never fell.
3) No sweet without sweat.
T.: Give me English equivalents to the following:
People who don't work because of their age.
P1: The retired.
Т.: People who can't find work.
Т.: People who are not healthy.
P3: The sick.
Т.: People who have lost their husbands or wives.
P4: The widowed.
Т.: Old people.
P5: The elderly.
T.: People who have serious problems with their health.
P6: The disabled.
2. Затем учащиеся выводят правило о субстантивированных прилагательных.
Выполнение упражнения на субстантивированные прилагательные.
_____ are entitled to a child benefit.
Do ____ live below poverty level?
Have ____ got medical service at a reduced price?
___ pay contributions to Social Security.
____ lost their wives or husbands.
4. Развитие умений говорения
1. Беседа о системе социального обеспечения в разных странах.
What categories of people can receive benefits?
The National Insurance and Social Security benefits paid to different categories of people are known by different names. What benefits are people entitled to?
What benefits can the elderly claim?
Use different structures to answer the question. Can you translate the structures, please.
На карточке на доске:
are provided with
are entitled to
are paid to
are available to
What benefits can the elderly claim in GB?
What benefits can the elderly claim in Russia?
2. Практика чтения с целью извлечения необходимой информации.
Задание - matching.
We compare Russian system of welfare and in the UK. But many years ago it was rather different.
The extract below is taken from the article about the origin of the welfare state in Britain.
Replace the Russian words and word combinations in brackets with their English equivalents from the box. There is an example (0) at the beginning.
Contributions, employers, retirement, income, social benefits, social insurance, state pension, the old, the sick, unemployment, insurance welfare, welfare state.
Ever since 1889, when Otto von Bismarck, Prussia's 'Iron Chancellor', introduced the first (0) (государственнаяпенсия) state pension, people have increasingly looked to government to provide (1) (пенсионныевыплаты) _______________, health care and protection against poverty — which together are broadly called (2) (социальноестрахование) _____________.
Britain was the first country in the world to have accepted that it is part of the job of government to help any citizen in need and to have set up a (3) (государствовсеобщегоблагосостояния)________________ .
Before the 20th century, (4) (благосостояние)____________was considered to be the responsibility of local communities. The 'care' provided was often very poor. An especially hated institution in the 19th century was the workhouse, where (5) (старые)_________, (6) (больные) ____________ , mentally handicapped and orphans were sent. People were often treated very badly in workhouses, or given as
slaves to equally harsh (7) (работодатели)____________.
During the first half of the 20th century a number of (8) (социальныельготы)_______________were introduced. These were a small old-aged pension scheme, partial sickness and (9) (пособиепобезработице) _____________________ conditional on regular (10) (взносы) ____________and proof of need. In 1948 the National Health Service was set up.
Answer the question:
How old is the system of the welfare state?
What should people (the employee, the self-employed, the employer, the Government) pay to the National Insurance Fund?
Вывод: PEOPLE SHOULD PAY TAXES AND CONTRIBUTIONS.
3. Ответы учащихся по теме "Жизнь пожилых".
In our country there are many elderly people.
How do your grandparents live? (Опрос учащихся)
Ответы учеников могут быть представлены в виде электронных презентаций.
My family lives in the Russian Far East, my Granny does not live with us. She lives in Volgograd. She is not very old, she is sixty and lives independently. She can look after herself properly. She is busy because she works and helps my aunt to bring her daughter up. Granny is entitled to a state pension but keeps on working. She is very sociable and likes to be among people. She goes to a health resort every summer, because she has got privileges to be provided with free return passage and free medical service. Two years ago Granny lost her spouse and we provide her with financial help. We don't want her to live below poverty level. Once a year Granny comes to see us and we pay for her tickets. My Granny is a very important person in my life. She taught me to read, when I was a baby she looked after me. Now she is old and I want her to be healthy. I miss her very much.
Where will your grandparents live if they are unable to look after themselves properly? In the home for elderly people or with you?
What is special about our elderly people and the British ones?
Where do they live when they are old?
What is the best solution?
What are advantages and disadvantages of being elderly?
Can your grandparents go abroad to travel very often?
Do the British elderly people travel?
How do the governments take care of veterans in Russia and in German?
Who should help the elderly?
Вывод: WE SHOULD STRENGTHEN FAMILY INSTITUTION
5. Активизация грамматических навыков
1. Обобщение грамматического материала – союзы и предлоги обстоятельственные сложноподчиненные предложения.
You have said about relationships in a family. Where do we find more warm relationships – in Britain or in Russia? As you can see some facts are for the British system, some are against. Life and values are different. But some social phenomena are the same. For example, unemployment, low incomes, money and so on.
We can compare these facts using prepositions and conjunctions:despite
in spite of
Transform the sentences using the words in brackets.
He couldn't find a job. He tried hard. (despite) He couldn't find a job despite trying hard.
1. They have little money. They are going to pay university education for their grandchildren. (in spite of)
2. Retired people receive a state pension. They can get a wage. (although)
3. My Granny accepted the job. The salary was very high. (because of)
4. The situation was serious. There was a hope that my Grandfather wouldn't become unemployed. (though)
5. A lot of people lost their jobs. There was a severe economic crisis. (because of)
Вывод: THE PENSIONS SHOULD BE INCREASED.
2. So, we should think about our own future. We are citizens of The Russian Federation and we are going to live better, we have to do something.
During the lesson we were making some suggestions for the Government and for all citizens of our country to change our life.
Усиление семейных связей
THE PENSIONS SHOULD BE INCREASED.
WE SHOULD STRENGTHEN FAMILY INSTITUTION
PEOPLE SHOULD PAY TAXES AND CONTRIBUTIONS.
6. Подведениеитоговурока. Выставление оценок.