III. Actualization of knowledge
1. New words
The West End
The East End
The St. Paul's Cathedral
Sir Christopher Wren
The Tower of London
William the Conqueror
The Trafalgar Square
National Portrait Gallery
The British Museum
2. Practise the pronunciation.
3. Read the text
London is the capital of Great Britain, its political, economic, and commercial centre. It is one of the largest cities in the world. Its population is about 8 million.
London is divided into several parts: the City, Westminster, the West End, and the East End.
The heart of London is the City, its financial and business centre. There are some famous ancient buildings within the City. Perhaps the most striking of them is the St. Paul's Cathedral, the greatest of English churches. It was built in the 17th century by Sir Christopher Wren. The Tower of London was founded by Julius Caesar and in 1066 rebuilt by William the Conqueror. It was used as a fortress, a royal palace, and a prison. Now it is a museum.
Westminster is the governmental part of London.
Nearly all English kings and queens have been crowned in Westminster Abbey.
Across the road from Westminster Abbey is Westminster Palace, the seat of the British Parliament. The Clock Tower of the Houses of Parliament is famous for its big bell, known as "Big Ben". Buckingham Palace is the official residence of the Queen.
The West End is the richest and most beautiful part of London. It is the symbol of wealth and luxury. The best hotels, shops, restaurants, clubs, and theatres are situated there.
The Trafalgar Square is the geographical centre of London. It was named in memory of Admiral Nelson's victory in the battle of Trafalgar in 1805. The tall Nelson's Column stands in the middle of the square.
On the north side of the Trafalgar Square is the National Portrait Gallery. Not far away is the British Museum — the biggest museum in London. There are a lot of factories, workshops, and docks in the East End.
numerous — многочисленный
ancient — древний, старинный
striking — поразительный, замечательный
to found — основывать
fortress — крепость
royal — королевский
to crown — короновать
outstanding — выдающийся
statesman — государственныйдеятель
to bury — хоронить
tower — башня
official residence — официальнаярезиденция
wealth — богатство
luxury — роскошь
in memory of— впамятьо
to contain — содержать
priceless — бесценный
4. Comprehension check:
A. Answer the questions
1) What parts is London divided into?
2) What is the financial and business centre of London?
3) Is the West End the richest and beautiful part of London?
4) What is situated on the north side of the Trafalgar Square?
5) Name the governmental part of London?
B. True or False sentences
1) London's population is about 10 million.
2) The heart of London is the City.
3) St. Paul's Cathedral is the greatest English clock.
4) The East End is the working part of London.
5) The seat of the British Parliament is the Tower of London.
5. Work in groups
Teacher: And now to sum up information about London we will work in groups and do different tasks.
I, II groups should make up the texts using some phrases and words and then present them to the class. (Appendix A)
III group will write the running dictation. You will write the poem "London Eye" and at the end you should try to learn it by heart. (Appendix B)
IV group should solve some puzzles. (Appendix C)
Teacher: Pupils! You have 10 minutes to do all of these tasks. then we will check your works.
6. Check the work